Isle of Wight Angling Trust Marine Region

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As part of their voluntary work supporting the interests of Island sea anglers, Alan Deeming & Tony Williams were involved in a number of miscellaneous related activities as follows (With the unfortunate death of Tony Williams in late 2015, Alan has continued with the work):
Solent Forum is a group made up of various councils and bodies (such as ABP Southampton) all with an interest in matters relating mainly to marine issues within the Solent catchment region. Tony had been attending their meetings for several years and Alan joined him a few years ago. This has proved to be an invaluable source of both information on local current & proposed marine activities as well as providing personal contact with members of important local organisations. 
Southampton Water major dredging (now completed) & Portsmouth Harbour approaches major dredging. As a result of contact made through Solent Forum, detailed information was obtained from ABP Southampton regarding the plan to deposit dredged spoil from their major project into a popular angling area south of the Nab Tower, known locally as the Spoil Grounds.. From this, Alan was able to request that spoil dumping was kept to a minimum near the most important angling areas. ABP subsequently advised that a proportion of dredged spoil would consist of aggregate that could be reused & they gained permission to deposit this into an existing licensed dredging area ready for recovery at a later date. This meant some reduction in the total volume of spoil deposited in the Spoil Grounds. This project is now complete & major dumping of spoil will occur only as a result of the significant dredging of the approaches to Portsmouth Harbour. 
Some considerable concern was expressed in 2014 by local divers about very poor water visibility & accumulations of silt throughout the area. Their feeling being that this may be attributable to the high volume of dredged spoil being deposited in the Spoil Grounds. Alan has been advised by a diving expert at the National Oceanographic Centre at Southampton that similar water clarity & silt issues were being experienced over a large area of the south coast of England and this could not be attributed solely to the dumping in the Spoil Grounds. The consensus among experts was that the main cause was the excessive run off from rivers during the floods earlier in 2014. It should also not be forgotten that large spring tides always cause turbid sea conditions locally as they lift fine particles from the seabed & carry them along in suspension only to be dropped out once tidal flows reduce during periods of neap tides. Plankton blooms during prolonged periods of strong sunlight also adversely affect water clarity. The, as yet unexplained, failure in 2014 & again in 2016 of the annual Mackerel migration eastwards up the English Channel along the South coast may well be attributable to run off from the earlier floods. The fact that it was apparent right along the English Channel indicates that the above dumping in the Spoil Grounds was not the cause, as some people have suggested. Unfortunately it proved impossible to obtain any engagement with the authorities (MoD) with regard to dumping of spoil from the dredging of the Portsmouth Harbour entrance & approach channel. 
Hampshire & Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust: Alan & Tony, along with local officers of the RYA, met with the H&IWWT's new marine officer, Tim Ferrero, in June 2014 to seek to establish a mutually beneficial working relationship with him. They came away with an optimistic feeling that he was more amenable to dialogue than the previous officer. Further meetings have occurred subsequently in addition to Alan attending some meetings & workshops at which Tim was also present. He has proved to be approachable & sympathetic to angler's concerns about conservation issues.
SIFCA: Following on from the dialogue established with the new SIFCA officers. Chief Officer, Robert Clark, & his deputy Neil Richardson, Alan has attended a number of meetings with them including, as an observer, several of their main committee & also their technical advisory committee meetings. They have developed an Angling Strategy & as part of that they initially set up a Bass working group to address the ongoing urgent need for conservation measures. Following on from that, during 2015 they set up an angling liaison group consisting of anglers from throughout the SIFCA region.  Alan has been a member representing the Island from its inception.
 Alan has developed an excellent working relationship with SIFCA officers at all levels. They have specifically requested that all anglers report any suspicious fishing activity to the SIFCA office number 01202 721373. Reports without any specific evidence would still be useful in allowing SIFCA to build a picture of possible illegal activity.  
Bait Digging is becoming an issue of increasing concern. IFCAs now have the power to regulate the collection of angling bait and our local SIFCA has confirmed a byelaw to prohibit it in seagrass beds as mentioned in the byelaw page. In this byelaw we are primarily being regulated on the collection of lugworm as a result of the byelaw seeking to protect seagrass beds. Unfortunately Defra have put a requirement on all IFCAs to determine if digging in intertidal mudflats within currently designated protected areas needs to be controlled. They are tasked with making a decision on this within the next year or so. A Natural England sponsored scientific paper from Portsmouth University that deals with digging for ragworm has just come to light and it contains a lot of assertions that are damaging to the cause of continued digging for ragworm locally. Alan has spent a long time analysing this report and he has submitted a number of criticisms of apparent errors to the authors of the report. In early 2014 Alan made personal contact with the commissioning body of this report (Natural England) whilst attending a Solent Forum meeting. They had agreed to look to see if a review of the report was needed in light of other contradictory reports that Alan was able to point to. Unfortunately they eventually declined. Alan hoped to get the AT involved to a far greater degree at national level, given that there had not seemed to have been much progress since the AT convened "Bait Conference" that was held in mid 2013. 
During mid 2015 the AT has considered generating a legal advice document detailing various aspects of the right to dig bait. It is possible that this will only be accessible via Fish Legal ( the legal arm of AT) but Alan has asket that it be made generally available.
In the mean time the following is a simplified outline of factors affecting the right to gather bait:-

Access to intertidal areas for bait gathering & angling is a highly emotive subject that promotes hot debate & about which there are a lot of misconceptions.

The following is a brief guide to some of the basic aspects.

Note that the following addresses specifically bait gathering for non-commercial purposes. Gathering for commercial gain is subject to additional restrictions.

Limitations on the right to access the intertidal areas of our coast & carry out bait collection fall into two main categories.

  1. The rights of land owners to restrict or prohibit access to their property.
  2. Leglislation that prohibits certain activities in the marine environment.

Category 1:

A private land owner has the right to refuse access to the foreshore across his land other than where a public right of way exists. This can lead to conflict with respect to both pedestrian access & in some cases the parking of vehicles. Where a public right of way is involved, it would have to specifically provide access to the public foreshore rather than, for instance, a coastal path that runs parallel to the coast. Locally, by way of example, the owners of Island Harbour would be within their rights to prevent vehicles being parked on their property but could not prevent pedestrian access to the adjacent intertidal area of the river provided access was gained by way of the public footpath.

In some instances there may be restrictions on access to property owned by the crown due to security or safety issues eg a live fire gunnery range.

It may not be realised by all but not all of the UK intertidal areas are owned by the crown. Some are privately owned & in theory the owner can restrict activity on the area he/she owns. In theory you need to obtain the permission of any such owner before gathering bait from such a privately owned area. Locally, by way of example, an intertidal area to the south of the entrance channel to Bembridge harbour out to St.Helens fort is privately owned but the owner has not enforced any restrictions to date.

Determining when an area of intertidal foreshore is privately owned is a very difficult task which may be beyond the capability of rank & file anglers. It may also require some expense to make the necessary enquiry. If faced with conflict with someone claiming ownership of the intertidal area, the only advice currently is to assume that their claim may be valid. Unfortunately the Angling Trust does not have the resources to compile a data base of privately owned sections of intertidal foreshore so it is down to the individual to make any enquiries they see fit to make.

Category 2:

Whilst significant portions of the UK coastline have no environmental protection designation, there is also a large number of areas that are subject to various forms of national & EU protection designation. As a consequence of this, the bodies that were set up to replace the old sea fisheries committees, now Inshore Fisheries & Conservation Authorities, have a mandate to regulate bait gathering where it is deemed incompatible with the conservation objectives for certain species & habitats. The IFCAs are able, & in some cases already have, introduced byelaws prohibiting bait gathering in specific areas. Locally, by way of example, Southern IFCA has introduced a byelaw that prohibits bait gathering (by any means, not just digging) in several stretches of the Solent coast of the island where seagrass beds exist. These prohibited areas include East Cowes between the big breakwater & Old Castle Point, much of Ryde Sands & a couple of other less accessible areas within the island’s Solent coastline. Unfortunately to date none of these prohibited areas have been signposted so it is unlikely that full scale prosecutions would succeed until they are.

Reference to the byelaw section of the local IFCA seems to be the only way currently to determine where any restrictions apply other than any area where signs have been erected. Pleading ignorance of any existing byelaw is no defence in law, although where no signs exist there would be a case to be made for being treated with leniency. IFCAs currently have a requirement on them to review the impact of bait gathering on habitats such as intertidal mud flats. This could result in additional byelaws being introduced in future so it is recommended that anglers keep up to date with any such changes. Any new byelaw proposed would need to go through a public consultation stage & we would encourage anglers to take part in such consultations in order that their voices be heard.

 Working through the following questions should give a good indication of your rights to gather bait in intertidal locatioins:-



QUESTION 1. Can you gain access to the foreshore & intertidal area via a public right of way?

ANSWER1a = No = go to QUESTION 2

ANSWER1b = Yes = go to QUESTION 3

QUESTION 2. Do you have the landowners express consent to cross their land to access the                     foreshore & intertidal area?

ANSWER2a = No = can’t dig.

ANSWER2b = Yes = go to QUESTION 3

QUESTION 3 Is the intertidal area owned by the crown? (but see main text above)

ANSWER 3a = No = go to QUESTION 4

ANSWER 3b = Yes = go to QUESTION 5

QUESTION 4 Do you have the permission of the intertidal area owner to dig?

ANSWER 4a = No = can’t dig

ANSWER 4b = Yes = go to QUESTION 5

QUESTION 5 Does the intertidal area have any byelaws applicable to it that prohibits     digging/gathering at the time you wish to do so?

ANSWER 5a = Yes = can’t dig

ANSWER 5b = No = can dig

ANSWER 5C = Don’t know = is not acceptable & is no defence in law. Check local IFCA website.

Natural England requested comments on their draft site improvement plan for the Natura 2000 South Wight SAC to which Alan responded pointing out a number of issues.
Marine Management Organisation (MMO) South Marine Plan.
The MMO has overall responsibility for activity & development projects in the marine environment. It is busy compiling a marine planning guidance document for the south coast area. In October 2013, Alan attended a local MMO workshop on the initial evidence base for this & he has responded to invitations for comments by pointing out a number of shortcomings in the evidence base relating to angling activity. 
In July 2014 the MMO ran a series of further workshops to discuss an implementation document for the plan. David Mitchell (AT National Marine Campaigns Manager) attended one workshop & Alan attended another. Both pressed the point that recreational sea angling contributes more to the national economy than commercial fishing and should, in consequence, be given at least equal treatment to that afforded to the commercial fishing sector. This does not appear to be the case at present.
As a result of strong comments forwarded to the MMO by Alan, both he & Tony were invited to have a face to face meeting with a locally based MMO officer. This meeting took place in August 2014 at Tony's clubhouse. This enabled Alan & Tony to prime the MMO officer with a number of issues they would like to be addressed.

Alan was able to get areas of importance to anglers incorporated into the data base for the South Marine Plan which reached its final consultation stage in early 2017. Once adopted it will have the force of law & any proposals for licences to carry out work in the local marine area will have to take into consideration any impact on angling in the areas indicated.
As a result of meetings with representatives of various government bodies it is of some concern that data/evidence submitted to one does not seem to be being shared widely across all, leading to evidence having to be submitted several times to different bodies/personnel. Additionally Alan has made the point on several occasions that there needs to be a central register of stakeholder group contacts such that any company/body proposing to carry out work in the marine environment has an obligation to consult those stakeholders.


For general information about the work of the elected Isle of Wight marine committee representatives please click on the "OUR WORK" button in the main menu bar.

For detailed information on various activities please select from the drop down menu under "OUR WORK"

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